Almost 25% of adults have varicose veins. However, the vein doc at Metro Vein Centers in Michigan, Texas, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania reveal that many people do not understand the disease. Varicose veins are often caused by venous insufficiency, which also causes spider veins. To help you understand more about the condition, we have created a list of the things you need to know about varicose veins.
What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins happen when there is venous insufficiency or when there is abnormal blood flow. The veins help bring the blood back to the heart to get more oxygen. However, when you have varicose veins, the blood begins to flow the wrong way. In diseased veins, the blood is unable to fight gravity, causing the blood to pool in the legs and feet. The veins then become enlarged and often painful.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins occur when the veins are weakened. The valves begin to fail, causing the blood to flow backward. The veins that are the farthest from the heart are often those that become weakened, making it harder to push the blood to your heart. There are a number of potential causes of varicose veins, including menopause, standing for long periods of time, genetics, and obesity.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
You can tell you have varicose veins if you notice heaviness, swelling, pain and or achiness paired with misshapen and visible veins on the legs. Sometimes there is discoloration or swelling. In some cases, the veins will begin to leak the blood into the surrounding tissue, causing ulcers.
How do you diagnose varicose veins?
Varicose veins should be diagnosed by experts like a vein doc at the Metro Vein Centers who specialize in venous conditions. They might check-in to see if you are having symptoms or pain. Your physician may suggest doing an ultrasound to monitor your blood flow. This test uses high-frequency sound waves to see the way the blood is flowing in your veins. They might also use venograms to determine if you have the disease. The physician will inject a dye into the calves or legs and will then take an X-ray. This will provide the physician with a better idea of how your blood is flowing.
The tests will also ensure that you don’t have other disorders like blockages or blood clots.
How do you treat varicose veins?
Most physicians are encouraging about treating varicose veins and they will often ask you to change your lifestyle prior to using more aggressive treatments.
TO prevent varicose veins, you should ensure that you are not standing for extended periods of time. It’s also important to maintain a healthy weight or lose weight if you are too heavy. You should also exercise regularly to improve your circulation. Stockings or compression socks can also help improve circulation.
However, if lifestyle changes do not improve the condition, your physician may suggest other treatments. If the varicose veins are damaging your overall health or causing pain, the physician might require treatments like Radiofrequency Ablation, Endovenous Laser Ablation, or Sclerotherapy. These are minimally invasive procedures that often only cause minor discomfort and only require a couple of hours to recover.
If these treatments do not work, your physician may suggest using vein ligation or stripping. These are invasive procedures that cut away the varicose veins.
Metro Vein Centers
The Metro Vein Centers treat varicose veins in Pennsylvania, Michigan, New York, New Jersey, and Texas. Dr. Diana Wilsher is a vein doc who has been board certified. She has practiced for 18 years and specializes in treating venous insufficiency in Michigan.